Mongolia is an electoral democracy and has significantly improved its political freedom score in comparison to the 2012 edition of the Freedom Barometer. The increase in score from 8.93 to 9.64 points is due to significant changes in the electoral process and their effective implementation during the 2012 elections for the 76 member parliament. These changes included the introduction of biometric voter identification papers, vote-counting machines, quotas for female candidates and more stringent procedures in the General Election Commission. President and parliament are elected every four years. Most executive powers are in the hands of the prime minister, who is nominated by the majority party or coalition. The president is head of state and the military, and can veto
legislation, which in turn is subject to a two-thirds override in parliament. Mongoliaâ€™s party landscape is characterised by three major parties, the Democratic Party (DP), currently holding a majority, the Mongolian Peopleâ€™s Party, which emerged from the former Socialist Party that ruled the country until 1996, and the Justice Coalition, consisting of two further splinter groups of the former socialist revolutionary party. Currently a coalition of DP, Justice Coalition and the small Civil Will-Green Party is in power. Civil society organizations and trade unions are present and active and can usually operate without restrictions, though there have been allegations of wire-tapping of non-governmental organizations. The right for public assembly is guaranteed and upheld in practice.