China is party to the UNâ€™s International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights as well as to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. But the former has not yet been ratified. Moreover, the PRC also declared its acceptance of the Universal Declarations of Human Rights. Despite these supposedly positive facts, China does not respect human rights. For one, there is still the death penalty: No less than 65 crimes are charged with the death penalty â€“ including some non-violent offences. The number of executions in 2009 was estimated to be around 5,000. Furthermore, there are numerous reports of unlawful and arbitrary detention, torture, forced relocations and discrimination against ethnic or religious minorities. The government systematically campaigns
against human rights activists and lawyers in an effort to publicly discredit them.