The situation has barely changed during the past few years. Ukraine is still, after Russia, the most corrupted country in Europe. Globally, Ukraine is on the 130th place, out of 180 countries, together with Iran, Gambia, Myanmar and Sierra Leone. The bribery rate in Ukraine hasn’t improved in recent years and is still stuck at 38%, which makes it the highest in Europe. Although politicians acknowledge that corruption is a big problem in Ukraine, there is little political will to fight corruption, despite pressure from civil society. The recently created anti-corruption bureau NABU, which is tasked with investigating corrupt officials, is being obstructed by government officials and by law enforcement agencies. The latter even arrested NABU officials and seized files from the bureau. In
June 2018, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed legislation to create the long-awaited anti-corruption court. The court is expected to be operational by the end of 2018; however observers warned that its operations could be obstructed by legislation. In December 2017, the Ukrainian parliament voted to dismiss the chairman of its anticorruption committee, which was criticized by the EU’s ambassador to Ukraine. Furthermore, Poroshenko signed a law aimed at increasing the monitoring of anti-corruption NGOs.