According to Transparency International`s Corruption Perception Index 2013, Ukraine`s score was 25. It was ranked144 of 177, as the worst corrupt country on the European continent. Its CPI worsened as compared to 2012. According to Global Corruption Barometer 2013, the most corrupt sectors were judiciary (87%), police (84%) and public officials and civil servants (82%). Regarding police, 49% of the respondents or their close relatives had given them bribes during the previous 12 months, while 21% had bribed judges. In spring 2013, four anti-corruption laws were adopted, introducing registry of corruption suspects, severing the rules of asset declaration, slightly improving the position of whistle blowers and introducing corporate liability for corruption. Corruption among the highest
echelons of government was among the prime motives for mass protests that had started in autumn 2013 and led, in February 2014, to ousting of President Viktor Yanukovich from power (Euromaidan Revolution). Two kilograms of gold were later found in his private premises as evidence of massive political corruption at the top. Large parts of the business sector were involved, sometimes in coordination with domestic or regional organized crime. Grand scale VAT fraud, misuse of public procurement and money laundering included some of the biggest domestic or foreign banks and companies. Political backing for the operations was secured by the President, his aides, or their family members.