Despite no-change in the global ranking, Turkey’s freedom of press score has seen a slight improvement in the Reporters Without Border’s 2019 Press Freedom Index. The major threats stated by all domestic and international media stakeholders are a) the absence of a pluralist media and opinion environment, b) severe threat of prosecution for the critics, as well as c) the conglomeration of mainstream media companies in few hands.
On the other hand, digital is, to a large extent, still unregulated and many sacked journalists are creating their own individual digital outlets. Certain critical journals are able to operate online. However, the threat of prosecution for disclosing (critical) opinions is persistent and applies evenly to all fields.