Following the June 2015 General Elections, Turkey entered into a phase of terror and conflict. As a result of terror attacks in major cities, hundreds of civilians were killed. Kurdish separatist organizations declared autonomy in some South Eastern Anatolian towns and ditched explosive traps around them. The government declared curfew to take control of those towns. Security forces intervened with heavy weapons. Allegedly some civilian people were caught in cross-fire having difficulty in reaching basic human needs such as food, clean water, electricity and medicine. As a result of long curfews, hundreds of thousands citizens were displaced. On July, 15th, 2016 Turkey witnessed a failed coup attempt by a military junta. 240 people were killed during the civilian revolt against the coup.
The Parliament and some other official buildings were bombarded by fighter jets during the coup attempt. The government declared that the power behind the junta was the Gülen movement, once a close ally of the governing AKP. As soon as the coup was quashed, the government declared the state of emergency, a situation where the government suspends certain basic rights and freedoms. The government also notified the Council of Europe that it derogated its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights during the state of emergency. Since then, Turkey has been governed through emergency decrees which are not subject to constitutionality control by the Constitutional Court. The maximum period of police custody was extended from four days to thirty days during the state of emergency, which increases the risk of abuse and ill treatment. The government started purging of alleged Gülenists and supporters of the PKK from civil service. Up to now, 93,000 public employees were suspended and 60,000 people were expelled from public service. In this regard, also 4,246 entities, including 129 foundations, 1,125 associations, 15 universities, 19 trade unions, 23 radio stations, 45 newspapers and 29 publishing houses were closed and seized without any prior official investigation. Most of these administrative measures were taken by legislative decrees to prevent judicial control. The magnitude of the numbers subject to purging suggests that the purpose is the cleansing of a certain segment of society carried out on the basis of assumption and political discretion rather than purge of a putschist group within the state.There is severe criticism from both inside and outside of the country about the method of this purging which seems to be turned into a witch hunt of the opponents of the government. Prominent academics, writers and journalists, who are critical about government policies, have been detained for the allegations of terrorist propaganda. More than 50,000 people were arrested and 32,000 of them were detained pre-trial. Recently, the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe invited the government to respect for the rule of law. Amnesty International also warned about allegations of ill treatment under police custody and in detention. There are complaints about the disproportionate use of preventive measures, such as detention and freezing of assets. Many small and big companies were seized on the suspicion of abetting terrorism without final conviction. The above mentioned control of judiciary by the executive seems to have made judicial protection useless for human rights.