There are severe flaws in terms of human rights protection. For one, the death penalty is still in force: 22 people were sentenced to death in 2009, the number of executions is unknown. From our liberal perspective this is regrettable. Moreover, as the case of Anwar Ibrahim shows, people can be convicted for their (alleged) sexual orientation â€“ another fact that we disapprove of. According to Amnesty International, there have also been reports of degrading and inhumane treatment of suspects as well as arbitrary detention. Malaysia furthermore is not party to any of the relevant UN Conventions such as the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, the Covenant on Civil and Political or the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.