Before the revolution of 2010, Kyrgizistan was a country of almost total corruption, which radiated from the top of the state to the bottom. Presidents, who changed violently, established their own clanship networks and together with their relatives and closely related cronies possessed and controlled virtually all the most lucrative businesses in the main walks of life. Since then, situation has been improving. A major anti-corruption campaign was launched by President Atambayev, himself freely elected in 2011. Not least that the new authorities aggressively chased (at home and abroad) the cronies of the former President Bakiyev on corruption charges, but they also purged their own ranks. The financial police was first disbanded and then newly founded. In 2012, a huge criminal network
dealing with trans-national child adoptions was uncovered, followed by the dismissal and arrest of a government minister and his deputy. A number of high level organized criminals were arrested. In 2013, the campaign spread to other government ministers, city mayors or former officials now in opposition. The same year, OECD noted in its report certain improvements in Kyrgyzstan. The main obstacle to a cleaning of the lower tiers of government was its ad hoc nature, i.e. the lack of strategy. In most portfolios, less corruption is present in government ministries, but further down it is still widespread. Local authorities still collaborate with organized crime. Even some central government detachments outside the capital were refilled with people charged for corruption in the past. Businesses face less outright extortion, yet they frequently encounter small-scale corruption while dealing with state bureaucracy. Collecting custom duties is an important field of corruption. As compared to 2012 (when it ranked 154, with the score of 24), Kyrgyzstan slightly advanced in the Transparency International`s CPI ranking for 2013 (coming to the place 150, again scoring 24). Perception by citizens hereby obviously lagged behind the small changes and positive trends on the ground. Likewise, Global Corruption Barometer 2013 pointed out at civil servants (by 90%), police (90%), judiciary (89%) and education (82%) as the most corruption-struck walks of public life.