Corruption remains a serious problem in Indonesia. Since its establishment in 2003, the Corruption Eradication Commission has prosecuted hundreds of cases of bribery, election manipulation and fraud. But evidence suggests that the commission has merely scratched the tip of the iceberg. In Transparency International’s 2013 Corruption Perception Index, Indonesia was ranked at number 114 out of 177 countries.
The most common practices of corruption are abuse of office, money laundering and bribery. Although Indonesian law forbids payments to public officials to facilitate or speed up administrative processes, companies often report of being confronted by officials with demands for cash payments or gifts.
The severity of the problem was underlined in a January 2014 report by the Jakarta
Post, a newspaper. It lamented that corruption among public officials had dramatically increased during the recent years. According to the newspaper, 222 corruption cases were filed in Central Java alone during 2013 (up from 215 cases in 2012, and 102 in 2011). They resulted in the conviction for corruption of 121 civil servants, 47 legislators, a company director, 11 regents, 40 entrepreneurs, 24 village chiefs, 20 regional and state enterprise employees, a village administrative staffer, a university rector, four judges, two mass organisation members and a university student.