Corruption in Indonesia remains rampant. However, the Corruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi; KPK), established in 2002, has been successful in a series of high-profile cases. To illustrate, in March 2011, former chief detective Susno Duadji was sentenced to three and a half years in prison for graft and embezzlement. Later that year, Democratic Party treasurer Muhammad Nazaruddin was charged with corruption related to preparations for the 2012 Southeast Asian Games in South Sumatra. In another case, Wafid Muharram, suspended Sports and Youth Affairs Ministry Secretary, received a three-year sentence for bribery. This has given rise to public expectations that acts of corruption, even if committed by senior officials, will be prosecuted. Nevertheless,
due to attempts by the ruling elite to weaken anti-corruption bodies, particularly an anti-corruption law passed in 2009, the authority and independence of both the KPK and the Anti-corruption Court have been eroded, and the problem persists. This explains why Indonesia continues to be perceived as having high rates of corruption, with it being placed at number 100 out of the 183 territories surveyed in Transparency Internationalâ€™s 2011 Corruption Perceptions Index.