Protection of human rights has been a strong point of the rule of law in Czech Republic. From personal safety, freedom from arbitrary arrest, decent level of legal certainty, or access to education and academic freedom, or freedom of speech, assembly or movement, through religious freedom and tolerance, to the basically individualistic, liberal approach to the issue of freedom, post-1989 improvements have been substantial. However, hate speech is also common, including by President Zeman, who occasionally practices it while rejecting or even mocking the standard EU rules of “political correctness”. Various minorities, such as Roma, or immigrants, often face verbal abuse in public. Amnesty International, while assessing that Roma continued to be discriminated, noted both some
improvements, e.g. in attempts by education authorities to reduce the number of ethnically segregated schools, and some new challenges, e.g. in the occasional misuse of authority to protect public order given to the local governments, for an ethnic discrimination in housing. The number of refugees accepted under the EU relocation scheme is neglect. Xenophobia is less visible in the streets than at its peak in 2015, but it is not in retreat, as manifested also by the increased number of MPs from the Islamophobic far right (from 8 to 22) after October 2017 elections. According to Balkan Insight, between 2012 and 2016 Czechia has been the second largest (after Croatia) among Central and Southern Europe exporters of arms and military equipment to MENA countries, whereby final users and modes of use were just superficially controlled.