Cambodia canâ€™t be considered an electoral democracy, even though elections are held regularly. Cambodia has a bicameral legislative system with the prime minister holding executive power. The king is the ceremonial head of state, and the monarchy is still strongly revered by the population. Through coercion, intimidation, and fraud prime minister Hun Sen has managed to cling to power for more than 25 years, making him the longest serving leader in Southeast Asia. However, a recent general election in July 2013 saw the oppositional Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), a new alliance of the two biggest opposition parties, gain momentum, carrying off 55 seats in the 123-seat parliament. Hun Senâ€™s Cambodian Peopleâ€™s Party (CPP) won 68 seats (down from 90 in
2008), allegedly only after pulling off considerable poll trickery. Freedom of assembly and social activism are significantly restricted in Cambodia. In 2012 a number of protests took place, mainly over land disputes and forced evictions. In one instance, authorities opened fire on demonstrators during a labour rally, killing three people. Nonetheless there are numerous civil society organisations, mainly running on foreign funding. While organisations working on health and social issues are able to operate quite freely, those addressing human rights face regular harassment by state authorities.