There has been little political change in Brunei. The country remains under the absolute rule of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Muâ€™izzaddin Waddaulah and his family. The last legislative elections were held in 1962, the results of which were annulled. The state of emergency that was declared back then has never been lifted since. The mostly appointed Legislative Council completed its five-year term in March 2011. The 29-member Council included five indirectly elected members from village councils, but the majority of the Council comprised either family members of the Sultan or loyalists. In June 2011, the Sultan replaced it with an entirely appointed and expanded 33-member council. Nonetheless, he initiated a significant reorganisation of the Cabinet of Ministers in May 2010
which was widely perceived as a small step towards improving governance, although the principal aim was to attract foreign investment. Overall, demands for political reform remain low as the countryâ€™s rich oil and gas reserves allow the government to sustain high employment and low tax rates, and to grant various benefits so as to keep the population content.