Freedom of international trade is generally respected in Armenia. The county has been a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 2003 and there are no major trade disputed under its mechanism. Overall, tariffs are low, standing at 3,7% on average - however tariff rates can be significant in the field of agriculture products covering a wide range of products. Non-trade barriers still pose an obstacle to free trade. Recently, there has been improvements in the work of customs office and reduction in the use of reference prices during custom clearance. However, custom procedures are not transparent and corruption remain a problem. Documentary compliance cost for both export and import are necessarily elevated. Since 2015, Armenia has been a member of the Eurasian Economic Union
(EEU). This led to easier access of Armenia goods to EEU markets and vice versa. However, this also entailed changes in trade policy, by increases in tariff rates and new regulatory requirements for imported goods. Other member countries include the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Belarus and the Kyrgyz Republic. However, Armenian membership secured continued supply of imported oil and gas from the Russian Federation by preferential prices, as well as more fiscal revenues from the common EEU customs pool. Armenian foreign workers in other EEU countries face preferential treatment compared to other CIS nationals. Main problem in increasing Armenian inclusion to the global market are geographical and political. Due to the mountainous terrain, there is only a limited number of routes that could be used for transportation, and most of them are closed because of the political confrontation with Azerbaijan and Turkey, while open borders of Iran and Georgia lack good infrastructure. Furthermore, some Georgian routes towards Russia are also closed (via South Ossetia and Abkhazia), which significantly burdens international trade with high freight costs.